By Bettina Coulon-Mrosowski
Ce lexique, riche de three 500 expressions allemandes, vous indiquera non seulement leurs équivalents français mais aussi le niveau de langue concerné, le contexte, les synonymes et les particularités grammaticales ou syntaxiques propres à l. a. locution.
Un index français-allemand, situé en seconde partie de l'ouvrage, permet de trouver l'expression allemande l. a. plus juste à partir de 1500 expressions françaises clés.
L'auteur, Bettina Coulon-Mrosowski, universitaire de langue allemande, s'est connecté pendant près de cinq ans à repérer identités et disparités des différents idiomes.
Collection: Les Utilangues
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Extra info for 3500 locutions idiomatiques de l'allemand
Again using Conflict 1a for our main suggestion, we might begin with Conflict 656 for a lead-up: 656 (751) (961) (1000) (1079) A’s ancestral acres have been heavily mortgaged and he is about to lose the property * A, by hook or crook, seeks to save his mortgaged paternal acres from foreclosure ** (500) (860) (874) (1029) Reaching backward into the causes of A’s unfortunate condition, we will select lead-up suggestion No. 1079. Many other Conflicts in Personal Limitations, Misfortune, or some of the other groups would serve us equally well, or better; but we will content ourselves with 1079 (127a) (656) A’s character weakness is betting; * and he seems unable to conquer the failing although he invariably suffers loss ** (367a) (524a) (902) Here we have a suggestion as to the character weakness which caused A to squander his fortune and mortgage his ancestral estates.
Likewise, bCN-A, female cousin of A; aCN-B, male cousin of B, bGCH-A, female grandchild of A, aCH, male child, etc. X added to any character gives to the character a suggestion of mystery. PLOTTO 24 1a-g Love and Courtship Love’s Beginnings CONFLICT SITUATIONS ( 5 0 ) B E I N G I M P E L L E D BY A N U N U S UAL MOTIVE TO E N GAG E I N C RA FT Y E N T E RPRISE 1 (a) (112) (117) (148) (656) A, poor, is in love with wealthy and aristocratic B * A, poor, in love with wealthy B, pretends to be a man of wealth ** (187) (228) (233) (347a -*) (b) (171) (734) (1106 -* ch B to A) (1146) A, of humble birth, falls in love with aristocratic B * A, of humble birth, in love with aristocratic B, pretends to be a man of high social standing ** (139) (153) (209) (1200) (c) (918a) (926) (928a) A, in love with B, finds that B considers him too perfect for married happiness * B considers her lover, A, too perfect for married happiness; so A simulates a “hardboiled” character in order to prove that he is not so perfect as he seems ** (1167) (1170) (1216) (1227 a, b, c) (d) (148) (149) (160) A, elderly, is in love with youthful B * A, elderly, in love with youthful B, seeks to forward his love affair by simulating youth ** (40 a, b) (75b) (78) (97) (156) (330a) (e) (59) (1146) (1175a) A, a crook, outlaw, gambler, pretends to be an honest man in order to forward his love affair with B (280a, b, tr A & A-3) (318; 236; 267) (252a) (f) (230) (1060) (1101) A is in love with B, who is devoted to scientific pursuits * A, who knows nothing of the sciences, pretends to be engaged in scientific research ** (179a, b, c) (181 a, b, c) (g) (234a -*) (1061) (1150) A falls in love with romantic B * A, in love with romantic B, pretends to be a hero ** (234a *-**) (1150; 851; 885a) (1227b, c) PLOTTO Love’s Beginnings 25 Love and Courtship 1h-2h (h) (43 -*) (101b) (898 -*) A quarrels with his sweetheart, B, and fears he is losing her love * A, fearing he is losing the love of B, pretends to take poison with suicidal intent ** (249)(262a, b, c) (1461b) 2 (a) (949a) (954) (968) A, a poor clerk, finances a “fling” in high society * A, a poor clerk financing a “fling” in high society, meets wealthy and aristocratic B (1146 ch A to B) (1187 ch A to B), and they fall in love ** (1461a ch A to B) (146a, c) (b) (1146) (1175a) (1197) A, a fugitive from the law and using a fictitious name, falls in love with B * A, craftily engaged in a secret enterprise, falls in love with B (1146 ch A to B) (1169 ch A to B) who has also embarked upon a crafty enterprise ** (91) (224) (233) (876a) (c) (232) (420) (818b) A, one of the “idle rich,” gratifies his love of adventure by frequenting the slums in the character of a city “tough” * A, disguised as a city “tough,” meets B, and they fall in love ** (114) (220) (358) (d) (818a) (1197) (1198) A is mistaken by B for A-8.
An Erring Person, (21) Falling into misfortune through mistaken judgment, (22) Following a wrong course through mistaken judgment, (23) Becoming involved in a complication that has to do with mistaken judgment and suspicion. (24) Becoming the victim of mistaken judgment in carrying out an enterprise, (4) Undertakes a role that leads straight to catastrophe. 5. A Benevolent Person, (25) Seeking to save a person who is accused of transgression, (26) Seeking secretly to preserve another from danger, (27) Refusing to betray another’s secret and calmly facing persecution because of the refusal, (5) Emerges from a trying ordeal with sorely garnered wisdom.