By Roland A. Lange
The main known jap verbs are awarded with English translations, one to a web page, thoroughly conjugated, and transliterated into the Roman alphabet. a distinct part totally explains all info of eastern pronunciation. for fast and simple reference, there's an alphabetical English-to-Japanese verb index, in addition to a moment index that lists jap verbs via their gerund shape. New during this variation are 1000's of examples of verbs utilized in sentences, entire with English translation. There also are quizzes and drills in verb utilization with solutions and factors. Language scholars are brought to formality and deference degrees which are a part of right eastern verb utilization. This publication makes an exceptional complement to a major textbook in any introductory jap language path.
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Additional info for 501 Japanese Verbs: Fully Described in All Inflections, Moods, Aspects and Formality Levels
INFORMAL FORMAL Past Presump. INFORMAL FORMAL INFORMAL AFFIRMATIVE INDICATIVE Passive beiikyoo sareru Potential beiikyoo dekiru Causative beiikyoo saseru Causative Pass. ru to copy TRANSITIVE Indicative INFORMAL FORMAL Imperative INFORMAL I II m FORMAL Presumptive INFORMAL I II FORMAL I II Provisional INFORMAL FORMAL Gerund INFORMAL I . AFFIRMATIVE NEGATIVE kopii suru kopii simasu kopii sinai kopii simaseii kopii kopii kopii kopii siro sinasai site kudasai nasaimase kopii kopii kopii kopii suru na sinasara na sinai de kudasai nasaimasu na kopii kopii kopii kopii siyoo suru daroo simasyoo suru desyoo kopii kopii kopii kopii surumai sinai daroo simasumai sinai desyoo kopii sureba kopii simaseba kopii simasureba kopii sinakereba kopii simaseii nara kopii site kopii simasite kopii sinai de kopii sinakute kopii simaseii de kopii sita kopii simasita kopii sinakatta kopii simaseii desita kopii kopii kopii kopii kopii kopii kopii kopii II FORMAL Past Ind.
INFORMAL FORMAL INFORMAL AFFIRMATIVE INDICATIVE Passive Potential arawarerareru Causative arawaresaseru Causative Pass. U arawasi TRANSITIVE AFFIRMATIVE NEGATIVE arawasu arawasimasu arawasanai arawasimaseii arawase arawasinasai arawasite kudasai oarawasi nasaimase arawasu na arawasinasaru na arawasanai de kudasai oarawasi nasaimasu na arawasoo arawasu daroo arawasimasyoo arawasu desyoo arawasumai arawasanai daroo arawasimasumai arawasanai desyoo arawaseba arawasimaseba arawasimasureba arawasanakereba arawasimaseii nara arawasite arawasimasite arawasanai de arawasanakute arawasimaseii de arawasita arawasimasita arawasanakatta arawasimaseii desita arawasitaroo arawasita daroo arawasimasitaroo arawasita desyoo arawasanakattaroo arawasanakatta daroo arawasimaseii desitaroo arawasanakatta desyoo Conditional INFORMAL FORMAL arawasitara arawasimasitara arawasanakattara arawasimaseii desitara Alternative INFORMAL FORMAL arawasitari arawasimasitari arawasanakattari arawasimaseii desitari Indicative INFORMAL FORMAL Imperative INFORMAL I n m FORMAL Presumptive INFORMAL I n FORMAL I n Provisional INFORMAL FORMAL Gerund INFORMAL I n FORMAL Past Ind.
Whereas the Hepburn system has: sa za ta ha shi Jl chi hi su zu tsu fu se ze te he so zo to ho our system has: sa SI su za Zl zu ta ti tu ha hi hu se so ze zo te to he ho The Hepburn system uses shi, ji, chi, tsu, and fu because to the ear of a native speaker of English the consonants in the syllables thus represented sound closer to ENGLISH sh, j, ch, ts, and f than they do to ENGLISH s, z, t, and h. Thus it is based upon the perception of speakers of English and on distinctions which are valid in English.