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By Aaron D. Rubin

With a written historical past of approximately 5 thousand years, the Semitic languages include one of many international s earliest attested and longest attested households. renowned family members contain Arabic, Hebrew, Aramaic, Amharic, and Akkadian. This quantity offers an outline of this significant language relations, together with either historic and smooth languages. After a quick advent to the heritage of the relatives and its inner type, next chapters disguise themes in phonology, morphology, syntax, and lexicon.Each bankruptcy describes positive aspects which are attribute of the Semitic language kinfolk as an entire, in addition to a number of the extra amazing advancements that ensue within the person languages. this gives either a typological evaluation and an outline of extra targeted positive factors. The chapters include plentiful examples from a variety of languages. all of the examples comprise morpheme by way of morpheme glosses, in addition to translations, which assist in making those examples transparent and obtainable even to these now not acquainted with a given language. Concluding the booklet is an in depth advisor to additional interpreting, which directs the reader to an important reference instruments and secondary literature, and an updated bibliography.This short advent incorporates a wealthy number of info, and covers themes now not mostly present in brief sketches corresponding to this. The readability of presentation makes it helpful not just to these within the box of Semitic linguistics, but additionally to the final linguist or language fanatic who needs to benefit whatever approximately this crucial language kin.

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It is important to point out that a derived stem verb need not have a corresponding G·Stem verb. For example, in Arabic, the verb 7arsala 'send' is a C·Stem verb, but the root RSL does not occur in the G·Stem. There is no other verb from which 7arsala can be derived as a causative. As another example, in Mehri , the 47 verb sanas 'dare' (root 7NS) is a 5 1 ·Stem (a type of C·Stem spe· cific to Modem South Arabian), but this is the only stem in which this root occurs. As these examples illustrate, it can hap· pen that a derived stem verb is simply lexical and not "derived" at all.

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Campbell, Lyle. 2004. Historical Linguistics: An Introduction. 2d edn. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press. -- -_. -- -- BIBUOGRAPHY 87 Ciancaglini, Claudia A. 2008. Iranian Loanwords in Syriac. Wies­ baden: Ludwig Reichert. Coffin, Edna Amir, and Shmuel Bolozky. 2005. A Reference Grammar of Modem Hebrew. Cambridge: Cambridge Univer­ sity Press. Cohen, David. [1984] 2003. La phrase nominale et l'evolution du systeme verbal en semitique: Etudes de syntaxe historique. Leu­ ven: Peeters. Cohen, David, Fran�ois Bron, and Antoine Lonnet.

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