Download A Humanist Science: Values and Ideals in Social Inquiry by Philip Selznick PDF

By Philip Selznick

Supplying a capstone to Philip Selznick's influential physique of scholarly paintings, A Humanist Science insightfully brings to mild the value-centered nature of the social sciences. The paintings in actual fact demanding situations the intended separation of truth and price, and argues that human values belong to the area of truth and are the resource of the beliefs that govern social and political associations. via demonstrating the shut connection among the social sciences and the arts, Selznick finds how the equipment of the social sciences spotlight and increase the examine of such values as overall healthiness, prosperity, rationality, and self-government.

The ebook strikes from the animating ideas that make up the humanist culture to the values which are relevant to the social sciences, studying the middle teachings of those disciplines with appreciate to the ethical concerns at stake. through the paintings, Selznick calls realization to the stipulations that have an effect on the emergence, cognizance, and decline of human values, providing a worthy source for students and scholars of legislation, sociology, political technology, and philosophy.

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Additional info for A Humanist Science: Values and Ideals in Social Inquiry

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We must be able to count, as part of nature, all the ideals and forms of thought, all the feelings and social arrangements that arise without design in the course of collective life. In every society we find principles of order, bonds of obligation, ardent symbolism, everyday rationality, and much else that marks a distinctively human existence. A humanist naturalism, in affirming the postulate of humanity, asks of any social phenomenon how it affects the lives of people who live in the company of others, on whom they depend and from whom they need protection.

Implicit standards become explicit ideals as they are reworked by culture, a process that builds upon, and does not negate, the objective worth of health, courage, intelligence, and self-respect. Many different (and sometimes incompatible) goods are objectively good, and choosing one may foreclose the pursuit of others. Therefore a burden of choice remains, bringing with it responsibility for reflection and evaluation. Finding ideals in nature does not preclude choice or judgment. ” We expect societies to promote or restrain natural tendencies, depending on whether they enhance or damage well-being, advance or retard the transition from immediate gratification to a deeper and more lasting satisfaction.

In a meditative conclusion to the second volume of Democracy in America, Alexis de Tocqueville portrayed a world transformed by insistent demands for equality—that is, for the elimination of inherited privilege and property. He saw the drive for equality as a problematic master trend, at once full of promise and fraught with peril. This attention to peril as well as promise distinguishes Tocqueville from theorists of progress, but The Postulate of Humanity 27 not from prophetic ideas of destiny.

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