By John F. Shroder
A glance on the geographic, political, fiscal, and social elements of Afghanistan, a rustic suffering to reconcile modernization with conventional values and methods.
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Additional info for Afghanistan (Modern World Nations)
Communist theorists concluded political Communism can be made compatible with any form of religion through a shift in economic patterns and the removal of religiously oriented vested interest groups. Soviet efforts in promoting modernization marginalized Afghan traditionalists. It also understandably conflicted with the beliefs of many Afghan religious leaders. These two miscalculations eventually were major factors in leading to the collapse of the Soviet Union. S. policies involving the expansion of market economies and the forceful removal of the country’s ruling Taliban government.
Americans and Germans were pleased, owing to the belief that their equipment and commercial goods might soon reach Afghanistan through Pakistan. Iranians hoped to claim some credit for their efforts in promoting better relations between Afghanistan and Pakistan. And Pakistan was pleased with the anticipated reduction of tension along the border and normalized trade. Other Afghans were uncomfortable with Daoud’s resignation—particularly supporters of the concept of Pashtunistan. Members of the royal family were concerned by a possible erosion of their authority in the affairs of government.
The king himself exercised little leadership, hoping that the system would function effectively of its own accord. Finally, members of the royal family were no longer permitted to participate in political parties or to hold the following offices: prime minister or minister, member of Parliament, or justice of the Supreme Court. Because the day-to-day operation of the government had been in the hands of the royal family for decades, governance fell into less-experienced hands. Daoud and other individuals who could have contributed became disaffected.