By Nicolas Van de Walle
This ebook explains why African nations have remained mired in a disastrous financial problem because the past due Seventies. It indicates that dynamics inner to African nation constructions mostly clarify this failure to beat fiscal problems instead of exterior pressures on those similar buildings as is frequently argued. faraway from being avoided from project reforms via societal curiosity and strain teams, clientelism in the kingdom elite, ideological elements and coffee kingdom capability have ended in a few constrained reform, yet a lot prevarication and manipulation of the reform strategy, via governments that don't particularly think that reform might be potent.
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Extra resources for African Economies and the Politics of Permanent Crisis, 1979-1999
Most analyses of why Africa has not been able to renew with economic growth in the last twenty years place the blame squarely on the inability of governments to overcome societal opposition to the policy reform imposed on them by the international financial institutions (IFIs). The policy reform literature usually views societal power as being asserted through organized interest groups, but disagrees on the extent to which state agents can act to achieve real policy change. Much of the academic literature on African political economy also views African governments as prisoners of their societies through their reliance on clientelist practices to ensure political stability.
Much of the academic literature on African political economy also views African governments as prisoners of their societies through their reliance on clientelist practices to ensure political stability. Both of these literatures contain valuable insights, but they underestimate the autonomy of African governments from societal forces. Most states in the region combine weak capacities and discipline with a fair amount of autonomy to make economic policy decisions, largely because of the weakness of organized pressure groups that would hold the state more accountable.
Political Parties and National Integration in Tropical Africa (Berkeley: University of California Press 1964), pp. 340-81, p. 340. For a somewhat more sanguine appraisal, see Richard Sandbrook and Robin Cohen, The Development of the African Working Class: Studies in Class Formation and Action (London: Longman, 1975). 21. African Economies and the Politics of Permanent Crisis, 1979-I999 only a minimal degree of mobilization is enough for an interest group to unseat an elected official, given their lobbying power and ability to rely on the press.