Download African Swine Fever Virus: Bluetongue Virus by William R. Hess, Peter G. Howell, Daniel W. Verwoerd PDF

By William R. Hess, Peter G. Howell, Daniel W. Verwoerd

Bluetongue should be defined as an acute insect borne sickness of ruminants, manifested clinically in sheep by means of a catarrhal irritation of the mucous mem­ branes of the digestive and breathing structures and linked to degenerative adjustments within the skeletal musculature. The profound emaciation and weak spot which stick with the extreme disorder are chargeable for a chronic convalescence and for severe financial losses as a result of lowered productiveness. II. ancient through the early colonisation of Africa, weak Merino and different ecu breeds of sheep have been brought into the Cape, at the beginning via the Dutch East India corporation among 1652 and 1785 and back later in 1870. A record of the farm animals and Sheep ailments fee (1876) files the looks of a significant febrile affliction among those imported sheep during which either morbidity and mortality was once excessive (cited through HENNING, 1949). HuTCHEON (1881) gave this illness the identify of "Fever" or "Epizootic Catarrh", that allows you to distinguish it from different scientific stipulations of an identical nature encountered among sheep. within the first com­ prehensive description of this medical syndrome and its epizootiology HuTCHEON (1902) said it as "Malarial Catarrhal Fever of Sheep", a designation which was once evidently inspired through the incorrect trust that an intracorpuscular parasite used to be the first reason for the affliction. extra systematic stories have been performed by way of SPREULL (1902; 1905), who endeavoured to immunize sheep by way of the simultaneous inoculation of immune serum and infective blood.

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Additional resources for African Swine Fever Virus: Bluetongue Virus

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1. Immunological Response to Bluetongue Virus . . . . . . . . . . 2. Active Immunization ....... : . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E. Epizootiology..... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 56 58 60 60 61 63 63 63 65 66 VII. Classification and Nomenclature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2. Histopathology. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3. Clinical Pathology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D. Immunity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1. Immunological Response to Bluetongue Virus . . . . . . . . . . 2. Active Immunization ....... : . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E. Epizootiology..... . . . . . . . . . .

Afr. 16, 341-343 (1968). , E. 0. HAELTERMAN, and L. CoGGINS: Pathogenesis of African swine fever virus in young pigs. Amer. J. vet. Res. 30, 1343-1359 (1969). CowAN, K. : Immunological studies on African swine fever virus. I. Elimination of the procomplementary activity of swine serum with formalin. J. Immunol. 86, 465-470 (1961). CoWAN, K. : Immunologic studies on African swine fever virus. II. Enhancing effect of normal bovine serum on the complement-fixation reaction. Amer. J. vet. Res. 24, 756-761 (1963).

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