By National Research Council, Board on Agriculture, Committee on a National Strategy for Biotechnology in Agriculture
Biotechnology deals great strength for making improvements to crop construction, animal agriculture, and bioprocessing. it might supply scientists with new how you can increase higher-yielding and extra nutritious crop kinds, to enhance resistance to disorder, or to lessen the necessity for inputs of fertilizers and different dear agricultural chemical substances. This ebook explores the us' skill to resolve very important agricultural difficulties, successfully use cash and institutional constructions to aid biotechnology study for agriculture, teach researchers in new medical parts, successfully move know-how, and keep an eye on and try recombinant DNA organisms within the box.
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Additional info for Agricultural Biotechnology: Strategies for National Competitiveness
Page breaks are true to the original; line lengths, word breaks, heading styles, and other typesetting-specific formatting, however, cannot be retained, and some typographic errors may have been accidentally inserted. Please use the print version of this publication as the authoritative version for attribution. html SCIENTIFIC ASPECTS 34 agriculture. However, the technology of gene transfer in animals is still in its infancy, despite some notable laboratory successes. Molecular gene transfer into animal cells predates similar experimentation with plants.
Similarly, the transposable P-element of the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster is an effective vector for gene transfer into Drosophila . This or similar transportable elements should prove to be adaptable to insects of agricultural importance. Animal viruses such as simian virus 40 (SV40), adeno, papilloma, herpes, vaccinia, and the retroviruses, all originally studied because of their role in disease, are now being engineered as vectors for gene transfer into animal cells and embryos. Plant viruses such as cauliflower mosaic virus, brome mosaic virus, and geminiviruses are similarly being exploited for their abilities to transfer genes.
Ultimately, as genetic engineers increase their skills, they may be able to alter crops so they produce their own insect repellants. Some advanced uses of hormones for biological pest control are already available. Juvenile hormone analogues are synthetic chemical compounds similar to a natural hormone that controls maturation in insects. When the juvenile hormone analogue is sprayed on an insect, it remains in an immature state and dies instead of maturing and reproducing. One company that has developed such a substance has registered it with the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and is marketing a version for flies, mosquitoes, fleas, and cockroaches.