By Marvin A. Lewis
Spain’s purely former colony in sub-Saharan Africa, Equatorial Guinea is domestic to a literature of transition—songs of freedom during which authors think about their identification in the context of modern colonialism and dictatorship.
An advent to the Literature of Equatorial Guinea is the 1st book-length serious learn of this literature, a multigenre research encompassing fifty years of poetry, drama, essays, and prose fiction. either resident and exiled authors supply insights into the influence of colonialism and dictatorship lower than Spanish rule and examine the end result of “independence” below the regimes of Francisco Macías Nguema and Teodoro Obiang Nguema. interpreting those works from the point of view of postcolonial conception, Marvin A. Lewis indicates how writings from Equatorial Guinea depict the conflict of conventional and ecu cultures and mirror a dictatorship that produced poverty, distress, and oppression. He assesses with specific care the impression of the Macías reafricanization approach and its manifestations in literature.
In displaying how the perspectives of the country correspond and diverge in works of writers resembling Maria Nsue Angue, Donato Ndongo-Bidyogo, and Juan Tomás Ávila Laurel, Lewis brings to mild artists who articulate their issues in Spanish yet are African of their souls. In reading the works of either well known and rising writers, he marks the subjects that give a contribution to the formation of nationwide identification: Hispanic history, the parable of Bantu harmony, “bonding in adversity” through the Nguema regime, and the Equatoguinean diaspora.
Lewis presents an available advent to the paintings of principal writers in a brand new sector of literary examine and comprises the main exhaustive and updated bibliography on hand at the topic. His is a groundbreaking paintings that broadens our realizing of African literature and may be the bedrock for destiny reports of this Hispanic nook of Africa.
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Additional info for An Introduction to the Literature of Equatorial Guinea: Between Colonialism and Dictatorship
Indicative of these trends are Voces de espumas (Voices of foam) by Ciríaco Bokesa; Sueños en mi selva (Dreams in my jungle), by Juan Balboa Boneke; Ceiba, by Raquel Ilombé; and Historia íntima de la humanidad (Intimate history of humanity) by Juan Tomás Ávila Laurel. Ciríaco Bokesa When asked by an interviewer to mention some Equatorial Guinean poets, Juan Balboa Boneke responds: “Well, there are names, but I prefer not to mention them so as not to marginalize anybody. ” (Desde luego nombres hay, pero prefiero no mencionarlos para no marginar a nadie.
It turns to a breeze in the veins, 010 c1 (14-64) 5/10/07 11:11 AM Page 32 32 / An Introduction to the Literature of Equatorial Guinea when you embraced with your flowers the altar of my chest. The mist disintegrates into white sun, when you are near, and in my eyes are reflected the burning flame of yours. Ripe papayas, your breasts, how those little grains of gray diamond light up your eyes! (¡Qué fresco, el viento! Se torna brisa en las venas, cuando abrazas con tus flores el altar de mi pecho.
Y arribó el eterno segador, ladrón de vidas e ilusiones, y se adueño de los hogares; exilio, ruina y orfandad, oscuridad y silencio en el llano, dolor y frustración en la selva; destruidos intenciones y propósitos en ese campo desolado, yerto y demacrado, al conjuro del TRES DE AGOSTO, que fue el undécimo año de tortura e iniquidad, surgió de pronto un destello que brotó de las tinieblas, y fue el principio de otro despertar y raíz de renovada ilusión. ) (48–49) Cloaked within the images of violent nature is a serious indictment of the Macías dictatorship.