By H. Gray
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Extra resources for Anatomy, descriptive and applied.
The articular processes (zygapophyses), four in number, two on each side, spring from the junction of the pedicles with the laminae. ' — Transverse Processes (processus transversa) The transverse processes, two in number, project one at each side from the point where the lamina joins the pedicle, between the superior and inferior articular processes. They serve for the attachment of muscles and ligaments. The Cervical Vertebrae (Vertebrae The Cervicales) (Fig. 15). cervical vertebrte are smaller than those in and may be readily distinguished by the foramen any other region of the spine, in the transverse process, which does not exist in the transverse process of either a thoracic or lumbar vertebra.
Through the vertebra of an adult mouse. (Klein Combined transverse and longitudinal section of Fig. 6. CH. Longitudinal Haversian canal and compact bone. anastomosing canals, o. Communicating with medullary cavity. lamella?. ) Si. Intermediate systems. Spe. Circumferential os. Osteoblasts. Spi. PerimeduUary lamelte. ) but the layers of different systems cross at va rious angles. Between these layers are small, irregular spaces called lacunae; and extending radially nut from the lacunte and piercing the various The lacuna nearest lamellas are delicate canals known as canaliculi, which connect the lacuna?.
They are distributed freely to the periosteum, and some of the fibres terminate in this structure as Pacinian corpuscles. Nerves accompany the nutrient arteries into the interior of the bone, and also reach the marrow from the periosteum by w^ay of Volkmann's canals and the Haversian canals. They Nerves are most certainly supply the arterial coats and possibly ramify about the osteoblasts. numerous in the articular extremities of the long bones, in the vertebrae, and the large flat bones. Chemical Composition of Bone.