Download Margins for Survival. Overcoming Political Limits in by Edward Wenk Jr. PDF

By Edward Wenk Jr.

Margins for Survival: Overcoming Political Limits in steerage expertise is a compendium of analytical case reports facing the political features of technological determination making. The emphasis is at the political limits which are printed by way of institutional habit within the planned act of steerage know-how to provide socially passable results. The e-book indicates how war of words with the longer term is constructed by way of political selection making in regards to the destiny. made from eleven chapters, this quantity starts by means of studying how know-how is intertwined with civilization, has formed tradition, amplified political acts, and heightened the position of presidency. the following bankruptcy is a listing of world hazards, from nuclear terror to lack of freedom. the best way people regularly do something about possibility and its administration is mentioned, together with the function of presidency in affording collective defense. The dialogue then turns to know-how no longer easily as technological know-how and engineering yet as a tangled community of social tactics and associations related to every person and making a new scale of social complexity and interdependence; why technological selection making has develop into extra political; and the political dimensions of public coverage, together with political will. treatments are thought of, with emphasis on prevention, the necessity to photograph the longer term, and the jobs of shared info and research in anticipatory selection making. This monograph might be of curiosity to political scientists, politicians, and technological know-how and expertise policymakers.

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Can consequences of no action or of weak response be tolerated? Is the response debilitated by lack of preparation, by distraction, confusion, complexity of implementation, inadequate resources or sheer exhaustion? And finally as to a decision to accept risk, what are our criteria for choice? Lest this description of catastrophe avoidance sound pedantic or structured for application to grand military strategy, consider the practiced, subconscious thoughts and conscious actions taken to drive an auto safely, an experience familiar to everyone.

More institutions are involved in stimulation of technology, its regulation and application. Goaded and teased by pulses of technological advance, these institutions are subject to internal shocks of ( 3 5) change. More policies are introduced for technological activity and more groups involved in collective choice. Because of needed techno44 New Enigmas 45 logical specialization, policies and their implementation are increasingly differentiated. To integrate separate organizations and foster coherence, new communication linkages spring across institutional, functional, national and cultural boundaries.

And that responsibility is all the more sobering because there is no absolute technical defense at any ( 2 2) price. " And so we live at the mercy of a few powerful men. The gravity of this situation is heightened because of two factors. First, peace, or at least the inhibition of nuclear exchange, depends on a mutual credibility of threat. This interconnectedness entails information about each other's technical prowess, national intentions and character. Secondly, action depends on a handful of leaders whose individual stability, response to stress and images of reality control the action.

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